Non-Pacifist Fist Anti-Fascist: A Tale From My Family’s History
Like many men, I have always been fascinated by tales of courage especially in the theatre of war. I was thrilled when, at an early age, my father gave me the barest bones of a story concerning a member of his Treherbert family who was apparently executed in the Spanish Civil War. My father didn’t know how this man had been related to us, didn’t even know his name, and believed this unlucky ancestor to have been a journalist. When I began to become interested in my family history, my research, in the main, was to corroborate this tale but was to uncover a much more intriguing account.
Thomas Isaac Picton was born in Treherbert in 1896 and came from a family of Pembrokeshire miners. His father, also called Thomas, shows up, aged 18, in the 1881 census living at 8 Tynewydd Huts in the Rhondda Valley, with his uncle John Coles who had been born in Landshipping, Pembrokeshire. Landshipping was a heart-breaking landmark in the journey of the Picton family for on Valentine’s Day 1844, forty miners including women and boys died there in the Garden Pit Colliery when the eastern Cleddau river (Cleddau Ddu or Black Cleddau) burst into the shaft 67 yards below. Included on the monument to the dead erected by local people are the names of six Pictons and five Coles. Four of the Picton dead were a father and his three sons. Such bad luck doesn’t always encourage you to stick around.
Thomas Isaac Picton was also a miner. When The Great War broke out, he enlisted and stayed working with coal, becoming a stoker on the mighty battleships. He was twice decorated for his bravery including during the Battle of Jutland where he spent some time in the water. His Royal Navy service record measured him at 5 feet 4 and a half inches with blue eyes and dark brown hair and swarthy complexion. It noted that he had a tattoo commemorating his mother in a cross on his right arm. He was discharged with “defective teeth” and had spent 24 days in cells during his war years and 14 days in detention. The crammed calligraphy of a busy war observes in brackets that he “broke out” of the latter.
He was an avid boxer who was Wales amateur middleweight champion and he had also been the Navy light heavyweight champion. He managed to get a small number of professional bouts but was primarily a bare knuckle mountain fighter. At least one of his confrontations led him to prison. On one occasion, he left Cardiff jail after serving a short sentence for assaulting a police officer, wearing the boots of a prisoner who had recently been hanged.
Like many working class people of the inter war years he became radicalised and was a close friend of Communist Councillor George Thomas of Treherbert. In his early forties, Tom joined the International Brigade, older than the typical volunteers, most of whom were also swapping the uncertainty of their blighted industrial zones for the uncertainty of the Spanish Civil War. Like many of his fellow miners of the South Wales coalfield, he made the choice to illegally leave his country to fight the rising tide of Fascism in a country he had never previously visited. For entertainment on the journey through France, he was put into a ring to wrestle a bear. This seems an almost cartoon-like scene to the modern mind, a form of larger-than-life existence we have almost forgotten.
On their arrival at the barracks of the International Brigade, they were issued with ill-fitting uniforms and ancient firearms with ill-fitting ammunition. Some would go on to fight Fascists in another war, facing opponents who had honed their skills in killing machines above Guernica and other memorable places. Tom, due to his First World War experiences and his prowess as a boxer, may have been better equipped for the fight than many of his comrades.
He fought in the Battle of Teruel and was captured soon after and imprisoned in Bilbao. He was murdered by his jailers in April 1938 after he had punched to the floor a guard who was beating a fellow prisoner with his rifle butt. The Rhondda Leader newspaper of 29 October 1938 reported that he had been “put up against a wall and shot”. His body was never found.
These warriors are still remembered, still commemorated. Their sacrifice and their willingness to enrol in “the march of History” are still revered by those on the Left and their selflessness continues to haunt our unconfident, cynical age. I am proud that a member of my family was among them. Before I fully knew Tom’s story, I wrote a short poem: ‘ICONS’, whose third line seemed to aptly describe his stance.
Not game footage
but I’ve outlived Stanley Baker
as non-pacifist fist anti-fascist
in humidity following Biblical rainfall
we all rust
the dud cheques
the daylight saving hours
thousand raid bombers
a return to 1950
by counting backwards
make cameo appearances
in competition with the deceased
these adhesive moments
cling to the mind
I am behind my eyes
call me Barry Island or someone
something like that
as the light falls on a short day
in the rump empire
that they bray about regaining control of
no ball games
open spaces reduced
to the mass of a flat screen
dreams minimised to jpeg confetti
in the eternal wedding of idiots
GUNS OF LONDON
everything has changed
the rearranged architecture
the collapsed streets
the maps covered in patinas of ash
the dispersed population
life is cheap
a glut of guns
the old ties broken forever
too much excitement
too much desperation
want to be gangster
want to be moll
want to be American
as into this disintegrating theatre
The Blackout Ripper submerges
waging his own total war
against the clock
tomorrow they die
A lost Christmas gift
they appeal for hats blankets and water
desperately needed by Syrian children
displaced to winter uplands
by our interference and non-intervention
the modern soft focus Nuremberg rally
everyone’s a dictator if you give them a chance
guess we always needed help
so I get another blade with which to scrape the rust
the Battle of Hastings reenacted in farmyards
and dream of seeing Tony Blair and George Bush
crucified side by side
among swimming pools filled with oil
in the land of the Bible
receiving the anointment they deserve
in the oasis they imagined
Being vigilant of potential totalitarianism. It’s probably becoming more relevant a stance now as most people have been lulled into thinking it impossible. It is not. In a time of executive orders in the USA and a power grab being fuelled by the Tory Party under the guise of Brexit, the choices of ordinary people are becoming more and more limited. Democracy has been skewed by wealthy, unregulated and shady lobby organisations and the failure of mainstream political parties in the UK to respect the needs of ordinary people. The rise of extremism all over the world is something that would be familiar to Orwell, regrettably.
Trying to combat inequality. The gap between the rich and the poor is getting wider by the minute. The effect of Tory rule since 2010 has been to steal from the lesser well paid members of society to line the pockets of the super rich. They have achieved this partly through long term wage restraint and Welfare reforms. Over 2,000 claimants who were claiming health-related benefits died withing a few weeks of being found fit for work. The under-funding of the NHS and the removal of libraries etc also create inequality. The North of England still has a far lower life expectancy than the South. The recent Grenfell Tower incident was a particularly stark example of the effects of cost-cutting deregulation.
Orwell’s physical courage. We live in a relatively comfortable age supported by labour-saving technology and almost infinite information possibilities. He volunteered to fight against Fascism in Spain, something that few would do today as we have become a nation of lazy cowards with very low standards of heroism, safe in our armchairs, satisfied by social media.
His humanity shines in an age when many people have adopted a dog eat dog attitude to their fellow citizens as they have swallowed the lie about austerity. Bullying is a national sport.”